Chapter

Vegetation

Grady L. Webster and Robert M. Rhode

in Plant Diversity of an Andean Cloud Forest

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2001 | ISBN: 9780520098305
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520915930 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520098305.003.0003
Vegetation

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The vegetation of Maquipucuna is prevailingly evergreen rain forest of considerable complexity. The cloud forest in the reserve includes both lower montane rain forest and upper montane rain forest. The Maquipucuna lower montane cloud forest has a high diversity of tall straight trees up to 25–35m high, many epiphytic ferns, bromeliads, orchids, tree ferns, palms, and festoons of bryophytes on the branches and logs. Above 2,000m, the forest becomes progressively smaller in stature and mossier; from 2,400 to 2,800m it is designated as upper montane cloud forest, which contains many genera in common with the lower montane forest, but also includes temperate elements such as Cornus, Coriaria, Escallonia, Hydrangea, and Viburnum.

Keywords: vegetation; Maquipucuna; cloud forest; rain forest; montane

Chapter.  576 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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