Chapter

Biology

Yu-Feng Hsu and Jerry A. Powell

in Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2005 | ISBN: 9780520098473
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520916067 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520098473.003.0006
Biology

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On a world basis, heliodinids are food plant specialists. Of the 33 species for which larval hosts are known, 90% feed on plants in the Order Caryophyllales, while three species specialize on Araliaceae (Order Apiales), Onagraceae (Order Myrtales), or Piperaceae (Order Piperales). There are 25 or 26 species of heliodinids known to use Nyctaginaceae as larval hosts, approximately 75% of those for which larval host plants are recorded, and use of Nyctaginaceae appears to be a worldwide pattern. Among Caryophyllales feeders which do not use Nyctaginaceae, Chenopodiaceae and Phytolaccaeae feeding are found in the most basal lineage, the European Heliodines roesella, suggesting that specialization to Caryophyllales feeding occurred in the early evolution of the Heliodinidae. This chapter describes the biology of Heliodinidae including larval host plant relationships, life history, voltinism, diapause, behavior, mating, hind leg posture, oviposition, and larval and pupal biology.

Keywords: Heliodinidae; heliodinids; larval hosts; Caryophyllales; host plants; Nyctaginaceae; Heliodines roesella; biology; life history; mating

Chapter.  2572 words. 

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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