Chapter

Introduction

Yuri. L. R. Leite

in Evolution and Systematics of the Atlantic Tree Rats, Genus Phyllomys (Rodentia, Echimyidae), With Description of Two New Species

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780520098497
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520916074 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520098497.003.0001
Introduction

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The Atlantic tree rats of the genus Phyllomys are small- to medium-sized woody representatives of the Neotropical spiny rats. They are found in the Atlantic forest of eastern Brazil reaching the Sao Francisco and Parana River basins in the west. Members of Phyllomys are definitely among the most understudied representatives of the Neotropical mammal fauna. They have been recently referred to as Nelomys or frequently grouped with the Amazonain genius Echimys, as in the case of every recent systematic catalog. Nearly a century ago, Thomas pointed out that much confusion and ignorance existed with regard to the species of Nelomys, largely owing to the fact that so many of the earlier species were described without their exact localities being known, and often without reference to their dental characters. This situation unfortunately has not changed significantly since then.

Keywords: Phyllomys; Atlantic tree; Nelomys; Echimys; fauna

Chapter.  2503 words. 

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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