Chapter

How Well Do Protected Areas Represent the Terrestrial Mammal Fauna of South America?

Marcelo F. Tognelli

in The Quintessential Naturalist

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780520098596
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520916159 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0013
How Well Do Protected Areas Represent the Terrestrial Mammal Fauna of South America?

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This chapter assesses the effectiveness of protected areas to adequately represent the diversity of terrestrial mammal species, as well as threatened and restricted-range species, in South America. It analyzes protected areas hierarchically as (a) all protected areas, and (b) only IUCN-coded (categories I–VI) areas. The chapter compares the proportion of species represented in grid cells covered by protected areas against randomly selected sets of cells. It notes that significant gaps exist in the coverage of all species, as well as both threatened and restricted-range species. The chapter further notes that in most cases, IUCN reserves are more efficient, protecting approximately the same percentage of species as all protected areas, but using fewer cells. It specifies that major gaps in protected area coverage are in eastern Brazil, particularly the Atlantic Forests, the high Andes of Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and the southern Yungas.

Keywords: diversity; terrestrial mammal species; South America; protected areas; IUCN-coded areas; eastern Brazil

Chapter.  5249 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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