Chapter

Occupations of Korea and Japan and the Origins of the Korean Diaspora in Japan

Mark E. Caprio and Yu Jia

in Diaspora without Homeland

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780520098633
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520916197 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520098633.003.0002
Occupations of Korea and Japan and the Origins of the Korean Diaspora in Japan

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Japan's unequivocal surrender to allied forces marked at once the conclusion of World War as well as the independence of Koreans throughout the empire in their national assertion. However, postwar political and economic circumstances discouraged an estimated 600,000 Koreans in Japan from repatriating. The arrival of ill-prepared allied occupation forces compounded the situation. An indeterminable number of Koreans smuggled their way back into Japan after returning to Korea. This article traces the genesis of formation of Korean diaspora in Japan from the postwar American occupation of that land and South Korea. Postwar occupation of South Korea deteriorated to levels lower than that prevailing in a concomitant Japan. Moreover, despite its inhospitable environment, Japan at least offered the option of continuing a semblance of the lives the Koreans had built since crossing, and which postwar Korea appeared certainly well short of providing.

Keywords: surrender; allied forces; occupation forces; postwar; repatriating; South Korea

Chapter.  7612 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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