The Enlightenment Science of Society

David Carrithers

in Inventing Human Science

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 1995 | ISBN: 9780520200104
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520916227 | DOI:
The Enlightenment Science of Society

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History offers the different sciences of man a background that establishes it and provides it with a fixed ground. This chapter aims to discuss the Enlightenment science of society as the “homeland” for what was later labeled “sociology,” while avoiding any additional skirmishes on the vexing questions of origins and disciplinarity. It does not fully subscribe to Foucault's radical epistemic break at the epoch of the French Revolution. Although the science of society of Enlightenment figures was different from the sociology of later epochs reflecting a different context, it was not so completely different as to be wholly without relevance for what nineteenth-century perspectives would produce.

Keywords: Enlightenment; French Revolution; Foucault; sociology; science of man

Chapter.  18036 words. 

Subjects: Theory and Practice of Anthropology

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