The Birth of Greater Aitolia, 279–270 <span class="smallCaps">b.c.</span>

Joseph B. Scholten

in The Politics of Plunder

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2000 | ISBN: 9780520201873
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520916746 | DOI:
The Birth of Greater Aitolia, 279–270 b.c.

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This chapter talks about the Aitolians' momentous abandonment of the traditional, ethnic boundaries of their political economy, providing as it did the potential for creating a new mainland polity that could counterbalance the strength of Makedonia. In 279, Aitolian League members experienced perhaps their most traumatic moment: an invasion of Gauls that left their most advanced indigenous settlement, Kallion, a smoking ruin. The Gaulish invasion, and especially the fate of Kallion, seems to have acted as a massive wake-up call to the population of Aitolia. In its aftermath, individual Aitolians and the community as a whole demonstrated a marked new attention to their koinon. The Aitolian League equivocally asserted its protectorate over the sanctuary by “accepting” votes on the Amphykytonic council and littering the sanctuary with monuments to Aitolian self-sacrifice.

Keywords: Aitolians; traditional ethnic boundaries; political economy; Makedonia; Aitolian League; Kallion; Gaulish invasion; koinon; Aitolian self-sacrifice; Amphykytonic council

Chapter.  15914 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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