Chapter

Transitions in Farm Nature and Society, 1969–1990

Karl S. Zimmerer

in Changing Fortunes

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 1997 | ISBN: 9780520203037
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520917033 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520203037.003.0003
Transitions in Farm Nature and Society, 1969–1990

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This chapter notes that changing fortunes of the diverse crops fell even faster after the Peruvian government enacted far-reaching yet contradictory social and economic programs in its radical Land Reform of 1969. More than one hundred peasant communities were officially granted land in the Paucartamho Andes between 1969 and l990. Still, the dissimilar courses of de facto conservation and degradation via extinction remained allied to the better-off peasants and their poorer counterparts, respectively. The land reform in 1969 impacted the diverse crops in unexpected ways by adding pressures at the farm level that, on the one hand, have led many Quechua in Paucartambo to curtail their cultivation and to lose ground by their own standards. Well-to-do peasants and powerful villagers, on the other hand, have celebrated Quechua ethnicity and cemented social bonds with the wealth of diverse food plants.

Keywords: Peru; 1969 land reform; peasant communities; Paucartamho Andes; diverse crops; Quechua ethnicity

Chapter.  17026 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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