Chapter

Philology and Ethnology

Thomas R. Trautmann

in Aryans and British India

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 1997 | ISBN: 9780520205468
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520917927 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520205468.003.0005
Philology and Ethnology

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This chapter highlights the role of India, particularly the European discovery of Sanskrit, in the development of comparative philology and ethnology in Britain in the early nineteenth century. The role played by the study of Sanskrit in the formation of comparative philology is well known, but its role in the formation of ethnology is scarcely remembered because of the subsequent split and disciplinary formation of ethnology and linguistics. The chapter discusses the Sanskritist-led ethnology of early nineteenth-century British India, and describes the interaction of the British Sanskritists and their Indian teachers. It also comments on the debate concerning the internal composition of the Indian people.

Keywords: Sanskrit; comparative philology; ethnology; British India; linguistics; British Sanskritists; Indian people

Chapter.  13497 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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