Hua-kai Mountain and Its Immortals

Robert Hymes

in Way and Byway

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2002 | ISBN: 9780520207585
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935136 | DOI:
Hua-kai Mountain and Its Immortals

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This chapter addresses Hua-kai Mountain itself in order to explore another Sung text, from the very different world of the cult of the Three Perfected Lords. It specifically investigates the texts of the cult and shows that, by contrast with the Celestial Heart texts, the bureaucratic model has very little place in them. Jao Tung-t'ien's discovery and ascent form only one of many miracle stories that show the mountain's importance or the Immortals' power. Verities of the Three Perfected Lords shows a devotional cult that is not only local, but proud of it. The place of the bureaucratic model in the Verities is considered. The Verities paints a striking picture of the relation of the Three Immortals to the state—to the earthly, not the Heavenly, government. Verities of the Three Perfected Lords is the document of a local deity cult, the cult of the Three Immortals.

Keywords: Three Perfected Lords; Hua-kai Mountain; Celestial Heart; Jao Tung-t'ien; bureaucratic model; Three Immortals; power

Chapter.  14831 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies

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