Chapter

Social Organization of the Labor Market in Hong Kong

Ching Kwan Lee

in Gender and the South China Miracle

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 1998 | ISBN: 9780520211254
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520920040 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520211254.003.0005
Social Organization of the Labor Market in Hong Kong

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This chapter turns to a parallel analysis of the labor market in Hong Kong. A comparison with the conditions in Shenzhen elucidates the role of the social organization of the labor market in accounting for the different gendered regimes of production. The chapter states that women's adaptation to factory employment had a logic that was consequential for the pattern of the shop-floor politics they engaged in and helped to shape. Such logic and consequences had roots in the Hong Kong labor market, which was structured and organized in very different ways from that of Shenzhen. Hong Kong's deindustrialization since the 1980s occurred in tandem with Guangdong's industrialization. The shrinking manufacturing labor market was both the cause and the consequence of deindustrialization. Survey after survey saw employers citing the labor shortage as a major reason for relocating their production lines into mainland China.

Keywords: labor market; Hong Kong; Shenzhen; social organization; deindustrialization; Guangdong; industrialization

Chapter.  7644 words. 

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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