The Conquest Elite and the Imperial Lineage

Evelyn S. Rawski

in The Last Emperors

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 1998 | ISBN: 9780520212893
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520926790 | DOI:
The Conquest Elite and the Imperial Lineage

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This chapter analyzes the construction of the Qing conquest elite in the early seventeenth century out of multiethnic coalitions formed with Mongols, Manchus, and northeastern “transfrontiersmen.” The rulers incorporated these diverse subjects into a military-civilian organization called the banners and created a banner nobility to lead them. The imperial lineage, the Aisin Gioro, claimed descent from the Jurchen Jin who ruled North China and Northeast Asia in the twelfth century and constituted an “inner circle” of support for the throne. Qing rulers severely limited the number of imperial princes whose titles could be passed on without reduction in rank. The regulations governing hereditary transmission of titles produced a highly stratified imperial lineage.

Keywords: multiethnic coalitions; military-civilian organization; banners; Mongols; Manchus; Aisin Gioro; hereditary title

Chapter.  15129 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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