Chapter

Masaryk and Czech Jewry

Hillel J. Kieval

in Languages of Community

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2000 | ISBN: 9780520214101
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520921160 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520214101.003.0010
Masaryk and Czech Jewry

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This chapter explores the ambivalent relationship between Masaryk's Realists and the Czech-Jewish movement and attempts to explain the uneasiness felt by Czech nationalists toward the Czech-Jewish partnerships. It considers the intellectual and emotional factors that determined the attitude of Masaryk and others toward the Jews, the role of residual antisemitism in the relationship, and the significance—both social and political—of the Realists' flirtation with Zionism. It examines the question of whether the ambivalence toward Jewish assimilation had any real effect on Jewish integration into interwar Czech society, for there are good indications that the Zionists may have won the ideological and political battle only to lose the long-term war on the social arena.

Keywords: Masaryk's Realists; Czech-Jewish movement; residual antisemitism; Zionism

Chapter.  7803 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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