Chapter

Trial by Identity

Pamela Kyle Crossley

in A Translucent Mirror

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2000 | ISBN: 9780520215665
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928848 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520215665.003.0002
Trial by Identity

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This chapter begins by describing Tong Bunian, as well as his family background, and also talks of the responsibilities assigned to him on his native terrain. It then tells of the capture of the entire Bunian lineage, being taken under the Nurgan territories, and also talks about Xiong Tingbi, the Ming military intendant of Liaodong. The chapter furthermore explains that the history of Fushun, Tong's ancestral town, was itself a monument of the hopelessness of saving Tong Bunian by arguing an impeccable Chinese ancestry for him. It explains that during the early seventeenth century, Fushun was one of the smaller of a network of Ming garrisons and fortifications in eastern Liaodong marking the western boundaries of the Jurchen territories. The chapter explains that Fushun and the other towns of Liaodong were to become major sources of Qing political and economic capacity, though the legacy of these towns proved fragile in the rehistoricizing of the eighteenth century.

Keywords: Tong Bunian; Nurgan territories; Xiong Tingbi; Ming military; Liaodong; Fushun; Jurchen territories

Chapter.  14842 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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