Chapter

Postscript: Race and Revolution at the End of the Empire

Pamela Kyle Crossley

in A Translucent Mirror

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2000 | ISBN: 9780520215665
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928848 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520215665.003.0008
Postscript: Race and Revolution at the End of the Empire

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In the nineteenth century the significance of the Qianlong legitimation of genealogical thinking and idealization of cultural knowledge became immediate. Chinese nationalists called for destruction of the dynasty and eradication of the Manchu presence in China, while peoples identifying themselves with the imperial constituencies moved, in the last years of the Qing, between loyalism to the moribund dynasty and secessionism from a state dominated by the Chinese. The extent to which the imperial ideology informed the rise of nationalist and ethnic movements in the last years of the empire is suggested by the fact that peoples accorded no status as constituencies recognized in Central and Inner Asia were able to generate ethnic movements of varying degrees of coherence and efficacy. Awareness of the evolving self-identities of non-Chinese in the domain of what was supposed to be China presented a conceptual crisis to the Chinese nationalists, regardless of their own varieties of ideological commitment.

Keywords: Qianlong legitimation; Chinese nationalists; Manchu; China; Chinese; self-identities; ideological commitment; non-Chinese

Chapter.  10915 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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