Israel Knohl

in The Messiah before Jesus

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2000 | ISBN: 9780520215924
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928749 | DOI:

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In 70 c.e., about forty years after Jesus' death, the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed. In the Jerusalem Talmud, there is a legend about something that took place on the day of the destruction, which is presented in this chapter. Here the Messiah is called Menahem, son of Hezekiah. The figure of Menahem in this story combines various elements known to us from the traditions concerning the Essene Messiah and Jesus of Nazareth. Menahem, the son of Hezekiah, resembles the Essene Messiah not only in his name but also in his destiny. The figure of Menahem, the hero of our book, was the foundation of the Jewish messianic myth, just as he served as the inspiration for the messianism of Jesus of Nazareth.

Keywords: Talmus; legend; temple; Menahem; Messiah; Jesus of Nazareth; messianism

Chapter.  885 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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