The Mountain Estate

John W. Cole and Eric R. Wolf

in The Hidden Frontier

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 1999 | ISBN: 9780520216815
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520922174 | DOI:
The Mountain Estate

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The number of estates in the Upper Anaunia has grown over the years and average estate size decreased as a consequence, yet the processes of expansion and contraction have been worked out over extended periods of time. This chapter examines rights in estates, economic pursuits, and the organization of labor. Estates differ in size and productivity; consequently, each estate has a fixed potential. Villagers are fully aware of the productive potential of village estates, and they have a good idea of how closely potentials are being realized. The measure of a man as a proper peasant is based upon how well he runs his estate. Thus, although the amount of land available to any producer is a constant, production may vary in accordance with labor expended. To maintain a successful estate, the manager and his household must devote sufficient energy to the estate, under skillful direction.

Keywords: peasant; land; estate management; Upper Anaunia

Chapter.  9420 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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