From Country to City


in Black Workers Remember

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780520217744
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928060 | DOI:
From Country to City

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This chapter is about the racial violence. Although racial violence enforced white supremacy with the immediate strength of a policeman’s club, segregation as a system gained its staying power from its rootedness in the social relations of daily economic life. In this respect, it was not merely a southern phenomenon. White control over the economic fate and the opportunities of African Americans had long been an axiom in American life by the 1930s. African Americans fled the South by the millions for jobs in the industrial urban centers of the North during the various waves of the Great Migration, and while many of them attained a better standard of living, the color line trapped them in the old and inadequate housing at the bottom of the job ladder.

Keywords: white supremacy; southern phenomenon; African Americans; Great Migration; American life

Chapter.  19540 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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