Chapter

Introduction

Roger D. Stone

in Tropical Forests and the Human Spirit

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520217997
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936072 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520217997.003.0001
Introduction

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This chapter presents an introduction to the book, which discusses the various ill-effects of large-scale deforestation. The systematic over-exploitation of forests resulted in large-scale forest loss in Asia, Latin America, and Africa, most of which can be attributed to intensive government-mandated logging, conversion of forestlands into plantations, commercial forestry, and mining. In most of the tropical Southern Hemisphere, the governments have also undermined the traditional ownership and user rights of forest peoples by typically claiming possession of all forestland and unilaterally deciding their uses. The forest loss also led to atmospheric carbon buildup that resulted in global warming, floods and erosions, declining soil productivity, species loss, and a reduction in regular freshwater supplies. All this has forced the national governments and the international community to revise their conservation policies, set limits or bans on commercial logging in virgin forest areas, and encourage sustainable forest management.

Keywords: deforestation; logging; plantations; commercial forestry; atmospheric carbon buildup; global warming; sustainable forest management

Chapter.  3101 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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