Chapter

Village Forests in India

Roger D. Stone

in Tropical Forests and the Human Spirit

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520217997
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936072 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520217997.003.0005
Village Forests in India

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This chapter discusses issues related to the joint forest-management systems in various parts of India. The concept of joint forest management emerged from conflict areas where district forest officers realized that turning over forest responsibilities to local communities was the best way to maintain both peace and forest cover. The Madhya Pradesh Forestry Project, which aims to improve the quality of forest operations by involving community participation in forest management, is discussed in detail. The community forestry project in Haryana, whereby the tribal people formed forest-protection committees funded by the Ford Foundation, was found to be more effective than those formed by the forest department in Madhya Pradesh. Thousands of villages in Orissa have formed forest-protection committees to counter waves of logging and social-forestry programs that excluded the villagers from their traditional forest domains and thus combat fuelwood scarcity and protect their watersheds for irrigation purposes.

Keywords: joint forest management; Madhya Pradesh; community participation; forest-protection committees; social-forestry programs

Chapter.  12973 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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