Chapter

Conservation in Indonesia

Roger D. Stone

in Tropical Forests and the Human Spirit

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520217997
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936072 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520217997.003.0006
Conservation in Indonesia

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This chapter focuses on various forest-conservation efforts in Indonesia, where the recent democratic transition offers possibilities for new policies in community forestry. The abundance of forest resources in Indonesia has attracted the attention of international conservation organizations, some of which perceive the local communities within the parks as a threat to forest conservation and support their relocation. The case of Kerinci Seblat Integrated Conservation and Development Project (ICDP) is presented, which aims to support biodiversity conservation together with economic development around the park by linking park management with regional planning and rural development initiatives in target villages on the park boundary. The social-forestry initiatives started by the Indonesian government in the 1980s, and which were mostly concentrated in Java, are also discussed. These initiatives succeeded in removing some of the antagonisms between foresters and villagers, and additionally initiated change in the attitude of the forest department. The community-managed reserves of damar in Krui, Sumatra, which also received special recognition from the forestry ministry, are also discussed.

Keywords: forest conservation; community forestry; ICDP; social forestry; Indonesia

Chapter.  10711 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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