Chapter

Africa's Cornucopia and Scorpion

Roger D. Stone

in Tropical Forests and the Human Spirit

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520217997
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936072 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520217997.003.0007
Africa's Cornucopia and Scorpion

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This chapter discusses the state of forest conservation in Africa and presents several examples of biodiversity conservation efforts involving local communities. The misguided intervention of colonial and postcolonial foresters and administrators in the continent, along with the growing population, were the main reasons for forest loss in the past century. The actions and policies of those seeking to protect wildlife and biodiversity have also brought them into conflict with the forest dwellers. The denial of access to the forests and their resources, coupled with the absence of benefits from safari or hunting operations, left game poaching, illegal logging, and the ivory trade as the only means of making a living for many forest dwellers. However, recent changes in the model of development and the new interest among the donor agencies in genuine forms of local participation in forest conservation are leading to the reconciliation of biodiversity conservation with local community needs.

Keywords: forest conservation; local communities; forest loss; game poaching; illegal logging; forest dwellers; Africa

Chapter.  8302 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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