Chapter

Learning from Latin America

Roger D. Stone

in Tropical Forests and the Human Spirit

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520217997
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936072 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520217997.003.0008
Learning from Latin America

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This chapter focuses on the role played by various local communities in the conservation of forests in Latin America. The “Pilot Program to Conserve the Brazilian Rain Forest,” started with the help of G7 countries in 1991, entrusted the World Bank to undertake the responsibility of managing the entire rehabilitation of the Brazilian Amazon forests, and one of the principal reasons for its success is the participation of the indigenous people while designing it. The Chiquitanos of Lomerio in Boliva drove away loggers and formed the Centro Intercomunal Campesino del Oriente de Lomerio (Inter-Communal Headquarters of the Communities of Eastern Lomerio, or CICOL) to manage their own lands, which consist of some 340,000 mostly forested hectares, with technical assistance and financial aid from the APCOB and Dutch government respectively. The local communities of Yucata´n Peninsula in Mexico established a large number of forestry activities, ranging from extracting and processing mahogany to marketing chicle, honey, and allspice, which in turn gave them more encouragement to save forests.

Keywords: local-community participation; forest conservation; Brazilian Rain Forest; Amazon forests; Chiquitanos; CICOL

Chapter.  9524 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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