The Faces of Reform

in The Culture of Sectarianism

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2000 | ISBN: 9780520218451
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520922792 | DOI:
The Faces of Reform

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This chapter illustrates how conflicting notions of reform, in an era of Eastern Question politics, undermined the traditional order. It explores the erosion of prereform, nonsectarian politics of notability, and the development of restoration politics, in which rival local elites deployed the language of legitimacy and tradition in an effort to outmaneuver one another following the fall of Bashir Shihab and the reimposition of Ottoman rule in 1840. The chapter notes that in the process and in the context of competing interpretations of the Tanzimat, the presence of European agents, and the political involvement of the Maronite Church, the open-ended struggle unleashed over the relationship between religion and politics inadvertently opened the domain of politics to nonelites.

Keywords: reform; Eastern Question politics; notability; restoration politics; Bashir Shihab; Ottoman rule; Tanzimat; Maronite Church

Chapter.  6627 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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