Chapter

Joseph Rotblat, Pugwash Pioneer

Mary Palevsky

in Atomic Fragments

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2000 | ISBN: 9780520220553
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520923652 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520220553.003.0007
Joseph Rotblat, Pugwash Pioneer

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In October 1995, Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs had received the Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel committee recognized Pugwash's work in bringing together scientists and decision makers, in spite of political differences, to collaborate for the reduction of the nuclear threat. His wife and family perished in the Holocaust. Rotblat's work with James Chadwick led to his membership on the British bomb team and to the Manhattan Project—Chadwick headed Britain's scientific mission to Los Alamos. This chapter presents his views on the good and evil of atomic energy to mankind; his opposition to the atomic attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; General Leslie Groves' views on using the bomb to subdue the Russians; and the Oppenheimer trial.

Keywords: Joseph Rotblat; Pugwash Conference; Nobel Peace Prize; James Chadwick; Manhattan Project; Los Alamos; Poland; atomic energy; Leslie Groves; Oppenheimer trial

Chapter.  9983 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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