Chapter

Unsustainable Yield: American Foresters and Tropical Timber Resources

Richard P. Tucker

in Insatiable Appetite

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2000 | ISBN: 9780520220874
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520923812 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520220874.003.0008
Unsustainable Yield: American Foresters and Tropical Timber Resources

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This chapter discusses the timber industry and the various timber resources. It starts with the exploitation of tropical timber during the twentieth century, which was mainly due to the expansion of agriculture in all of its forms. It then looks at the exploitation of two major forest types, the lowland moist forest and the higher, drier pine forest. It identifies the origins of the forestry profession in Latin America and the start of the interests of American foresters in the area. The American colonial forestry and timber harvests in the Philippines, along with the timber economy of Southeast Asia before the American occupation, are discussed. It then introduces the loggers and the Bureau of Forestry that was stationed in Manila, in the Philippines, and studies the transition of the control of forest policy and management over to the Filipinos by the 1930s. It notes the deforestation of the Philippines, which occurred after 1945, and the close ties the Americans maintained with the Filipinos as consultants. It then shifts to the economy of timber in Latin America after 1945, the growth of softwood markets, the role of foresters as development planners, and the efforts to sustain the biodiverse rainforests.

Keywords: timber industry; timber resources; tropical timber; forest types; forestry; Bureau of Forestry; deforestation; softwood markets; biodiverse rainforests

Chapter.  29085 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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