Shrapnel and Social Spending <i>Local Elite Collaboration in Manchukuo, 1931–1933</i>

Rana Mitter

in The Manchurian Myth

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2000 | ISBN: 9780520221116
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520923881 | DOI:
Shrapnel and Social Spending Local Elite Collaboration in Manchukuo, 1931–1933

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The Japanese occupiers were powered by a curious and self-deluding mixture of imperialistic opportunism and pan-Asian idealism. Ishiwara and Itagaki, when planning their triumph, felt that the Japanese administration would be possible within the existing means of the local Chinese governments. Although the Japanese aimed to create a whole new structure at the “national” level in their newly created state of Manchukuo, at the local level they relied heavily on the agencies they had inherited from the Zhang Xueliang period. The main problem with country-level administration was how to stop the structures that still existed from falling apart. The Kwantung Army's strategy was to encourage local elite members to form committees in a version of its policy at provincial level. These committees then proved a useful vehicle that aided the Japanese in organizing their campaign to persuade outsiders of the legitimacy of Manchurian independence.

Keywords: Japanese occupiers; idealism; Ishiwara; Itagaki; opportunism

Chapter.  12148 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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