Chapter

Selling Salvation <i>The Campaigns of the Northeast National Salvation Society, 1931–1933</i>

Rana Mitter

in The Manchurian Myth

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2000 | ISBN: 9780520221116
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520923881 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520221116.003.0005
Selling Salvation The Campaigns of the Northeast National Salvation Society, 1931–1933

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In the 1930s, Chinese nationalism became more distinct the more the Japanese became identified as the single enemy against whom to unite. The doyen of class welfare, Mao Zedong, agonized between 1931 and 1934 over whether the Japanese invasion of Manchuria meant that Japan should be singled out for special opprobrium in his writings, rather than being lumped in with “imperialism,” although he never quite made the leap. The change in thinking came about in significant part because the Manchurian crisis produced a group of activists who needed to promote nationalism to bring about their political ends and found a new and positive way of doing so. In the previous revolutions where nationalist ideas provided the motive power, such as the May Fourth and May Thirtieth Movements, and even the National Products Movement, the activists had an ambivalent relationship with the imperialist who might simultaneously be oppressor and employer, educator, or healer.

Keywords: Mao Zedong; imperialism; May Fourth; oppressor; activists

Chapter.  11202 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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