Chapter

Frontline Choices <i>The Resistance Fighters, Nationalism, and Locality, 1931–1932</i>

Rana Mitter

in The Manchurian Myth

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2000 | ISBN: 9780520221116
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520923881 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520221116.003.0007
Frontline Choices The Resistance Fighters, Nationalism, and Locality, 1931–1932

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In the early phase of the Japanese occupation of the Northeast, the majority of the members of resistance groups were not motivated by nationalism in the sense understood by the intellectuals in exile in Beiping. After September 18, 1931, the resistance was offered patronage by nationalist groups of exiled northeastern intellectuals opposed to Chiang Kaishek's nonresistance policy, the NNSS in particular. The resistance armies benefited from the attention of these groups, although the behavior of their troops showed that they still used many of the methods of the bandits who comprised so much of their membership. Ma Zhanshan also profited financially from the attention of these groups but still refused to cut himself off from the Japanese. He turned his attention instead to the region's alternative patrons, the Japanese, when he became disappointed with the limited commitment of the nationalists to him.

Keywords: Beiping; Chiang Kaishek; Ma Zhanshan; patrons; nationalists

Chapter.  15459 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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