Rome, War, and the Onset of the Terrible Year

Raymond Jonas

in France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9780520221369
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520924017 | DOI:
Rome, War, and the Onset of the Terrible Year

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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This chapter talks about the Terrible Year, which started a period of intense reflection on France, its past, and its spiritual and moral well-being. This was also the time when France went to war against Germany, and suffered defeat, invasion, and occupation that were surpassed only in 1940. The chapter discusses the War of 1840–71 and states that the Catholic hierarchy suspected that the military defeat suffered by the French forces had moral origins. Monsignor Fourier helped shape the effort of moral renewal, while Alexandre Legentil vowed to build a church dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus if the city was spared occupation. The partisans of Italian unity, the outrageous bargain struck by Napoleon III, the revolution in the papal states, and the battle in Loigny are also covered.

Keywords: Terrible Year; War of 1840–71; Catholic hierarchy; moral origins; Monsignor Fourier; Alexandre Legentil; Napoleon III; papal states; battle in Loigny

Chapter.  10649 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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