Chapter

The Hunt-Crawfurd Alliance

Ter Ellingson

in The Myth of the Noble Savage

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2001 | ISBN: 9780520222687
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520925922 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520222687.003.0016
The Hunt-Crawfurd Alliance

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This chapter argues that Hunt's ambition, as apparent in his words as in his actions, was to be the leader in creating a racist anthropological science which would serve as the ideological basis for an attack on ideas and political policies associated with human rights. Writers on the period have tended to focus on his most obviously successful accomplishment, the foundation of the separate Anthropological Society of London in 1863 and the opposition of its racist orientation to the traditionally antiracist orientation of the Ethnological Society. Hunt needed an ally capable of reaching out to a broader and more respectable audience. He found that ally in John Crawfurd, a former colonial diplomat and author of a respected natural history/ethnography of Indonesia, as well as works on Southeast Asian languages.

Keywords: James Hunt; John Crawfurd; racist anthropological science; London Anthropological Society; Indonesia

Chapter.  3169 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social and Cultural Anthropology

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