Chapter

New Controversies, New Standards

J. Samuel Walker

in Permissible Dose

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2000 | ISBN: 9780520223288
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520924840 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520223288.003.0004
New Controversies, New Standards

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By the late 1970s, the hazards of low-level radiation became a highly noticeable and a severely debated issue. There is a public debate about the low-level radiation which was triggered by complaints of “atomic soldiers” who had been exposed to radiation while witnessing nuclear weapons tests during 1950s and by a series of studies that lifted new apprehensions about the hazards of small dozes. In an atmosphere of continuing controversy and unavoidable uncertainty, both the Environmental Protection Agency and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission undertook major revisions of their regulations on radiation protection. Both incorporated new findings and approaches, but neither escaped criticism for policies that were in some minds overly lax and in others unduly stringent.

Keywords: radiation; regulations; hazards; debate; Environmental Protection Agency; Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Chapter.  15725 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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