Chapter

Introduction

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780520223639
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938052 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0001
Introduction

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This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about fascist modernities in Italy during the period from 1922 to 1945. It examines how one project of national regeneration and international conquest developed in Italy in the decades following World War I and argues that fascism appealed to many Italian intellectuals as a new model of modernity that would resolve both the contemporary European crisis and long-standing problems of the national past. It discusses Benito Mussolini's definition of fascism as the revolution of reaction which expressed tensions within modernity between the push toward progress and the fear of degeneration. It describes elaboration of visions of fascist culture and modernity and attempts to reconstruct how Italian intellectuals crafted new identities for themselves as men and women working within the regime's reward and punishment structures.

Keywords: fascist modernities; Italy; national regeneration; fascism; Italian intellectuals; fascist culture

Chapter.  6148 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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