Chapter

Toward a Fascist Culture

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780520223639
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938052 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0002
Toward a Fascist Culture

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This chapter discusses the evolution of the Benito Mussolini regime's patronage structure and examines how Italians' critiques of foreign mass societies played a role in the definition of fascist models of modernity. Mussolini's 1927 Ascension Day speech clarified the larger goals that inspired visions of collective change in Italy, presenting domestic and foreign policy measures as two sides of one totalitarian vision of national regeneration. The concern with degeneration that pervades this speech also stemmed from Mussolini's fears of a subversion of racial hierarchies. This chapter suggests that it was the dystopias of Russia, America, and Germany that Italians hoped to avoid.

Keywords: Benito Mussolini; patronage structure; foreign mass societies; fascist models; modernity; foreign policy; national regeneration; dystopias

Chapter.  12114 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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