Chapter

Class Dismissed

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780520223639
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520938052 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0005
Class Dismissed

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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This chapter examines the attempts made by Benito Mussolini's regime to apply its “therapeutic” politics to young intellectuals and explores how generational tensions within the dictatorship found expression in conflicting visions of fascist modernity. Though Mussolini showed little interest in grooming a successor ego, the government spared no resources to create a new leadership class and millions of new men and new women who would perpetuate fascist behaviors and values. From the early 1920s onwards, the Italian fascists pioneered techniques of mass socialization and political identity formation that would subsequently mark the youth policies of other European dictatorships.

Keywords: young intellectuals; Benito Mussolini; politics; fascist modernity; leadership class; mass socialization; political identity formation; youth policies

Chapter.  12771 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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