Michael E. Meeker

in A Nation of Empire

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780520225268
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520929128 | DOI:

Show Summary Details


This chapter serves as the author's second account of his fieldwork in the district of Of. It introduces the term “hodja from Of,” which represents a stereotype for educated urbanites throughout the Turkish Republic. The chapter explains how the local elites and social thinking and practice are connected to Islamic belief and practice, and also examines the tradition of religious study, specifically its “upward” relationship to the state system and its “downward” relationship to ordinary townsmen and villagers. The question of why the hodjas specialized only in official Islam and neglected all its other versions is addressed.

Keywords: hodja; educated urbanites; social thinking; local elites; Islamic belief; religious study; official Islam

Chapter.  18607 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.