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France, the United States, and the Algerian War

Irwin Wall

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780520225343
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520925687 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520225343.001.0001
France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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This book unravels the intertwining threads of the protracted agony of France's war with Algeria, the American role in the fall of the Fourth Republic, the long shadow of Charles de Gaulle, and the decisive post-war power of the United States. At its heart is an analysis of how Washington helped bring de Gaulle to power and a penetrating revisionist account of his Algerian policy. Departing from widely held interpretations of the Algerian War, the book approaches the conflict as an international diplomatic crisis whose outcome was primarily dependent on French relations with Washington, the NATO alliance, and the United Nations, rather than on military engagement. It makes extensive use of previously unexamined documents from the Department of State, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and heretofore secret files of the Archives of the French Army at Vincennes and the Colonial Ministry at Aix-en-Provence. The book argues convincingly that de Gaulle always intended to keep Algeria French, in line with his goal to make France the center of a reorganized French union of autonomous but dependent African states and the heart of a Europe of cooperating states. Such a union, which the French called Eurafrica, would further France's chance to be an equal partner with Britain and the United States in a reordered “Free World.” In recent years the Algerian War has reclaimed its place in popular memory in France. Its interpreters have continued to view the conflict as a national, internal drama and de Gaulle as the second-time savior who ended French participation in a ruinous colonial war. But by analyzing the conflict in terms of French foreign policy, the book shows the pivotal role of the United States and counters certain political myths that portray de Gaulle as an emancipator of colonial peoples.

Keywords: France; Algeria; Fourth Republic; Charles de Gaulle; United States; Algerian War; NATO alliance; United Nations; Eurafrica

Book.  348 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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Table of Contents

Introduction in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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The United States and the Algerian War in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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The Suez Crisis in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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The Degeneration of the Regime in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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The United States, Great Britain, and the Sakiet Crisis in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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The Fall of the Republic and the Coming of de Gaulle in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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The United States, Algeria, and de Gaulle's Diplomacy in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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De Gaulle Reconsidered in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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Peace in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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Conclusion in France, the United States, and the Algerian War

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