Chapter

Jim Crow

William A. Shack

in Harlem in Montmartre

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2001 | ISBN: 9780520225374
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520925694 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520225374.003.0004
Jim Crow

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In the early 1920s, racial incidents involving white Americans and the black community were nearly always attributed to the Ku Klux Klan. The frequency of racial encounters in Montmartre turned rumor into believable fact, underpinned by the rash of known violent Klan activity taking place in black community members' hometowns across America. When word spread that the Klan was actively seeking to establish itself officially in France by opening a branch in Paris, the government moved swiftly to block this effort, and on 5 January 1923, a French official declared that no secret society having the announced aims of the Ku Klux Klan would be permitted to operate under the existing French laws.

Keywords: white Americans; blacks; Ku Klux Klan; French law; secret society

Chapter.  5252 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: American Music

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