Chapter

Introduction

Lynne Haney

in Inventing the Needy

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2002 | ISBN: 9780520225718
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936102 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520225718.003.0001
Introduction

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This chapter presents reconfigurations of Hungarian welfare from the earliest years of state socialism in 1948 to 1996. The transformations in state policies and institutional practices of the Hungarian welfare system are also presented. The welfare system constructed needs in three different ways: socialized, maternalized, and finally materialized. In the first phase, a mother's needs were conceptualized in societal terms by a welfare system that sought to reconstitute institutional relations. In the second phase, a welfare apparatus that sought to reconstitute the role of a mother materialized needs. Then, in contemporary Hungary, in the last phase, a welfare system aimed at the bureaucratic regulation of poverty needs materialized these women. The needs were collapsed into one, material need; their neediness defined in strictly monetary terms. This shift highlights the shifting conceptions of need embodied in both social policies and institutional practices. Differences in the practices of Hungarian welfare—changes in the size of the welfare apparatus and the structure of welfare institutions are also described.

Keywords: reconfiguration; socialized; maternalized; materialized; bureaucratic regulation; Hungarian welfare; material need

Chapter.  8921 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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