Monks, Philosophers, and Warrior Monks

Tomaž Mastnak

in Crusading Peace

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2002 | ISBN: 9780520226357
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520925991 | DOI:
Monks, Philosophers, and Warrior Monks

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This chapter focuses on some leading intellectual and spiritual figures of the twelfth and thirteen centuries, and the way they thought about the relations of Christendom to the Muslims, showing how these different ideas blended into an overall hostile view of the non-Christian world. In the Muslim world, this hostile outlook was organized along two main axes: the crusade and the mission. The crusade and mission are seen as opposites: one as war, the other as peace; one is carried out by the solider, the other by the cleric; one is accomplished by the sword, the other by reasoning. But the aim of both mission and crusade was the same: the expansion of Christendom. Rather than playing crusading and missionary ideas against each other, the chapter shows how strains of thought frequently characterized as peaceable, conciliatory, and preferring reason to violence ultimately demanded the complete submission of those called infidels.

Keywords: spiritual figures; Christendom; Muslim; mission; crusade

Chapter.  33896 words. 

Subjects: East Asian Religions

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