Chapter

Archaic Italy c. 800–500 <span class="smallCaps">b.c.</span>

Gary Forsythe

in A Critical History of Early Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780520226517
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520940291 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0003
Archaic Italy c. 800–500 b.c.

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This chapter presents a description of the cultural-historical background of Italy. Greek colonization in the West is covered. The primary purpose behind Greek colonization was to provide new economic opportunities for people of the Greek homeland. One principal factor contributing to the rise of the Etruscan civilization was the land's wealth in copper, iron, and, to a smaller degree, silver. Though of great importance, mineral resources alone did not account for the formation of Etruscan civilization. The growth and decline of Etruscan civilization are reviewed. The archaeological data concerning early Latium is also summarized. Latium's lack of mineral resources relative to Etruria meant that in general its communities were not as fully integrated into the commercial activities of the western Mediterranean.

Keywords: Italy; Greek colonization; Etruscan civilization; Latium; Etruria; copper; iron; silver

Chapter.  13436 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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