Chapter

The Beginning of the Roman Republic

Gary Forsythe

in A Critical History of Early Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780520226517
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520940291 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0007
The Beginning of the Roman Republic

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This chapter provides a discussion on the beginning of the Roman Republic. It is shown that the Roman chronology is basically accurate for the beginning of the republic and the Gallic occupation of Rome. The difference between patricians and plebeians within the Roman ruling class is discussed. Various aspects of the plebeian tribunate indicate that the office was urban and civilian, whereas the original nature of the consulship seems to have been extra-urban and military. It is noted that in later times there existed in popular tradition the recollection of a Roman military reversal at the Cremera during the early years of the republic, but apart from this single fact nothing was securely known about it. Even before the discovery of the Lapis Satricanus, the Fabian defeat at the Cremera was regarded by many scholars as belonging to an early stage in Roman social development.

Keywords: Roman Republic; Roman chronology; patricians; plebeian tribunate; consulship; Lapis Satricanus; Cremera

Chapter.  26607 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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