Chapter

Rome of the Twelve Tables

Gary Forsythe

in A Critical History of Early Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780520226517
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520940291 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0008
Rome of the Twelve Tables

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Rome's Law of the Twelve Tables is to be viewed as an important step in state formation. The trial of K. Quinctius is most likely fictitious and has probably been historicized from a document that specified the legal procedure of taking vadimonium for tribunician prosecutions before the people. Appius Herdonius and Quinctius Cincinnatus, as well as the facts and fictions of the plebeian tribute are discussed. It may be postulated that jurisdiction was the responsibility of the pontiffs, and that pontifical jurisdiction was eventually supplanted during the later fifth century B.C. by curule jurisdiction. It may further be surmised that the Law of the Twelve Tables played a pivotal role in this process. The prohibition of intermarriage is reported. The analysis reveals much about the working methods of the ancient historians and likewise demonstrates that relatively little authentic historical evidence from the mid-fifth century B.C. succeeded in reaching later historical times.

Keywords: Rome; Law of the Twelve Tables; K. Quinctius; Appius Herdonius; Quinctius Cincinnatus; intermarriage; plebeian tribute; jurisdiction

Chapter.  16612 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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