Rome's Rise to Dominance, 366–300 <span class="smallCaps">b.c.</span>

Gary Forsythe

in A Critical History of Early Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780520226517
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520940291 | DOI:
Rome's Rise to Dominance, 366–300 b.c.

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This chapter is parallel to Livy Books VII–IX. The Romans' defeat of Tibur and their military operations in the vicinity of Privernum prompted the confederation of the Samnite tribes to conclude a treaty with Rome in 354 B.C. It is noted that Livy's account of the reluctance of the Roman senate and the behavior of the Campanians cannot be accepted. The consequences of Latin War are reported. The Second Samnite War falls into three distinct phases. The aftermath of the battle clearly shows that the Samnites inflicted a major defeat upon the Romans. The terms of the Philinus Treaty fit well with what is known about the situations in Italy and Sicily in 306–305 B.C. Then, the chapter discusses Roman aristocratic politics and factions by employing the prosopographical methods which have proven to be so useful in understanding the politics of the much-better-documented middle and late republic.

Keywords: Livy Books; Rome; Tibur; Second Samnite War; Latin War; Philinus Treaty; Roman senate; Roman aristocratic politics

Chapter.  26978 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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