Chapter

Rome's Conquest and Unification of Italy, 299–264 <span class="smallCaps">b.c.</span>

Gary Forsythe

in A Critical History of Early Rome

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780520226517
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520940291 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0011
Rome's Conquest and Unification of Italy, 299–264 b.c.

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Livy's tenth book contains a detailed account of the first six years of the Third Samnite War. This book contains several episodes involving political disputes over the conduct of elections. The single most significant aspect of the Third Samnite War was the decision on the part of the Samnites to seek allies in order to strengthen their position against Rome. Its major and immediate consequence was its economic benefit to the Roman state in the form of booty and slaves. Rome's defeat of Pyrrhus was a clear declaration to the rest of the ancient Mediterranean world that the Romans had arrived on the world scene of warfare and power politics. The Roman organization of Italy is explained. Roman society was far more receptive of foreigners; and this social and political receptivity was chiefly responsible for Rome's lasting success as an imperial power.

Keywords: Italy; Rome; Livy; Third Samnite War; Pyrrhus; Roman organization; warfare; power politics

Chapter.  21390 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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