Chapter

Poverty to Prosperity (1800–1870)

Todd M. Endelman

in The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520227194
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935662 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520227194.003.0004
Poverty to Prosperity (1800–1870)

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This chapter examines rise of the Jewish immigrants in England from poverty to prosperity during the period from 1800 to 1870. At the start of the nineteenth century, most Jews in England were immigrants or the children of immigrants who were dependent low-status street trades and popularly identified with crime and chicanery. But over the next 75 years the social character of the Jewish community was transformed dramatically that on the eve of mass migration from Eastern Europe, the majority of Jews in Britain were middle class. On the basis of this ascent from poverty to respectability, Jewish legal status, communal organization, and religious life also were transformed and Jewish identity was reshaped.

Keywords: Jewish immigrants; England; poverty; prosperity; middle class; legal status; communal organization; religious life; Jewish identity

Chapter.  19169 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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