The Martyr and the Mayor: On the Politics of Identity in the Southern Philippines

Patricia Horvatich

in Cultural Citizenship in Island Southeast Asia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780520227477
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935693 | DOI:
The Martyr and the Mayor: On the Politics of Identity in the Southern Philippines

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In studying Sama Muslims in the southern Philippines, this chapter explores the concept of cultural citizenship by emphasizing the play of contextual factors in determining one's identity. It examines the Sama in two contexts of subordination: First, in comparison with other Muslim groups in the southern Philippines; and second, in comparison with Christian groups in the Philippine national community. Sama Muslims regard their identity variously, depending on social context, as Sama (local), Filipino (national), and Moro (transnational). They are Sama at home, Filipino in college, and Moro in battle. Pressures by the nation-state to create homogeneity out of heterogeneity, particularly through the ideology of nationalism and the imposition of mass public education, have paradoxically provided the conditions for the emergence of an intellectual leadership that has developed a conception of a pan-Sama cultural identity.

Keywords: cultural citizenship; Moro; southern Philippines; Sama Muslims; subordination; Christian groups; pan-Sama identity

Chapter.  11174 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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