Moro, Muslim, or Filipino? Cultural Citizenship as Practice and Process

Lanfranco Blanchetti-Revelli

in Cultural Citizenship in Island Southeast Asia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780520227477
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935693 | DOI:
Moro, Muslim, or Filipino? Cultural Citizenship as Practice and Process

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This chapter explores the changing relations of the state and Muslim Filipinos by taking a long historical view, analyzing the historical vicissitudes of the meanings of the term Moro over the more than four centuries from the Spanish colonial period to the present-day militant and separatist MNLF. In large part as a result of the Spanish colonial period (1565–1898), the Philippines has been divided into three distinct social formations: The dominant Christian lowland population of the northern islands, the marginal pagan upland groups throughout the islands, and the oppositional Muslim groups of the southern islands. Employing a designation used during the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula, the Spanish colonists called Muslims in the Philippines “Moros,” a pejorative term, and the Muslims appear to have called themselves Islam.

Keywords: Muslim Filipinos; Islam; Spanish colonial period; Moro; MNLF

Chapter.  12911 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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