Family Business, Cottage Industry

Tamara K. Hareven

in The Silk Weavers of Kyoto

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780520228177
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935761 | DOI:
Family Business, Cottage Industry

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This chapter describes how the most significant change was in the emergence of the household production system. The collective family character of Nishijin weaving, especially its predominance as a cottage industry, had serious implications for marriage and the relations between the generations. The family-based cottage industry has emerged as the characteristic system of Nishijin since the beginning of the twentieth century. This industry was accompanied by the expansion of the weaving district into new, previously unsettled neighborhoods. Chinbata households recruited rural migrants to Kyoto and absorbed them into an urban industry. In the 1960s, chinbata occupied about 60 percent of the entire Nishijin labor force. The chinbata and the manufacturers for whom they worked used modern technology to develop and consolidate a household industry that utilized progressively modern machinery for the making of a highly traditional product.

Keywords: Nishijin weaving; family business; cottage industry; chinbata; households; labor force

Chapter.  6799 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Occupations, Professions, and Work

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