Chapter

Class and Nation

Jeffrey E. Hanes

in The City as Subject

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780520228498
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520926837 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520228498.003.0004
Class and Nation

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During the waning years of Meiji, Seki Hajime was compelled to acknowledge that the Japanese nation was not an organismic community but a complex society internally divided among classes. He questioned the universalist argument made by Listian nationalists that health could be measured by power and wealth. Seki also questioned the universalist argument made by Meiji Marxists that the nation was a construed community whose seeming unity actually masked irreconcilable class differences among its constituents. But he did not reject the two competing views of modernity. Seki searched for a common ground between Marxism and nationalism. During his search, he followed the lead of Roscher and the older German historical school of political economy in humanizing his Listian model of the national economy, but he later followed that of Schmoller and the younger German historical school in historicizing his Marxian model of class conflict within the people's national economy.

Keywords: Meiji; Seki Hajime; Japanese nation; nationalism; class; community; Listian model

Chapter.  12616 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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